After the recent Naxal attack, once again it has led us to think, Why we are not able to counter Naxals ?, and many people are saying or suggesting that deploying Army against Naxals will resolve the issue.
Today in this article, we will discuss why deploying Army against Naxals is not a good option and is there really a need to deploy our army to eliminate them………….. So Let’s discuss……………….
Is There Really A Need To Deploy Army?
The Maoist or Naxal problem is one of the greatest security threat for India, it has taken such a shape due to various reasons but the main reasons are:-
- inability of government to fulfill demand of development in tribal areas.
- Our CAPFs, state police forces are not able to counter them effectively.
Although our CAPFs has done a commendable work in reducing naxalite activities, but still they have not performed to their optimum.
The maoist largely fight with weapons looted from police armoury and most of its weapon are the desi ones. The security threat posed by them cannot be compared with the terrorists in the valley. The terrorists have well foreign support, hi-tech, and unlimited weapons support. But the Naxals have minimum weapon support and due to government countermeasures, their foreign support is also reduced. They have limited weapons as most of their weapons are looted from forces. But in spite of that limited support, they are successfully continuing their violence.
The primary reason due to which they are successful is that our forces are not fully prepared to counter them. Except of our elite commando forces, most of our paramilitary forces are unskilled, untrained, and under-equipped. The state police forces who are fighting Naxals, even don’t have basic training like firings.
The incompetent intelligence inputs by sources for our paramilitary forces have laid Naxals to operate swiftly. The personnel involving in Naxal operations are from different groups like some of them are from CRPF, some from State Police forces, some of them are from DRG, etc. due to which they lack coordination during the actual fight.
The Naxals can easily be countered if our forces are well trained, well equipped, have proper intelligence inputs and have good coordination between different groups. If we resolve our own inability, then there will be no need to deploy our army to eliminate Naxals.
Let’s now discuss why deploying army against naxals is not a good option…………
The Naxal problem is prevailing since the 1970s. Several attempts has been taken to eliminate them. CAPFs, State Police forces are fighting hard to wipe them out, but still, we are not successful.
Due to their large support base, their elimination will also not be easy for our armed forces. Naxal gets sympathy from local or tribal people, they act as a defence for them. They also have good knowledge about the region, topography and are experts in guerrilla warfare.
Due to all these factors, the deployment of the army in Naxal-affected areas will require time to eliminate them. They have such a large support base that if the army kills one, then ten more Naxals will come to join them. Their identification is also difficult, as they live a normal life with the villagers.
Once the army will be deployed there, it will easily take at least three to four years for our army to completely eliminate them. We can’t afford our army to be engaged in internal conflicts, leaving our borders vulnerable to Chinese and Pakistani intrusions.
Matter Of Prestige
The armed forces of our country are great pride for the people of India. The primary role of army is to guard borders and to protect citizens against any external threat. People’s faith and respect increases morale of army.
The role of army is not to fight against our internal enemy, but to fight against external or foreign threat. The army cannot be used against our own citizens. Yes, the naxals are enemy of our state but still they are people of India. If we use our army against naxals then there will be no difference between PLA and the great Indian Army.
The Indian Army is known for its courage, bravery and valour all over the world. Other nations matches their army’s standard with our great Indian Army. The Indian Army has achieved all this prestige by fighting major wars, defeating adversaries, in spite of difficulties. We don’t want our army to lose its prestige and credibility by fighting war against our own citizens.
Two Front War Scenario
Our army is currently engaged in many fronts. Due to last year Chinese intrusions across LAC, there is a war-like situation there. The ongoing Pakistani infiltrations across LOC, is also on rise.
There is a continuous threat by Chinese, coupled with Pakistan alliance across our borders. Also the infiltrations in Kashmir has been keeping our army engaged there. Any diversion from this scenario, will give our adversaries opportunity to ramp up their movements and may gave them an edge to attack and capture our lands.
Instead of direct deployment of our army, we can use various other lateral methods. We can use the training facilities of the army, to train our paramilitary forces. Instilling the army’s ethos and integrity to other defense forces have done commendable work in the past. Like in the case of BSF, NSG, and Assam rifles, it was raised and also gets training by the army and now they are doing well in their respective fields. A similar thing needs to be done in favor of our paramilitary forces, to make them more professional in their work.
The army can share its experiences gained from counter-insurgency operations in the valley with this paramilitary personnel. The officers of paramilitary forces can also get special training from the army officers.
Apart from the army’s role we can also use drones, UAV’s and helicopters of our Air Force to counter and eliminate Naxals.