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Know What Happened Today: 20th November

Hello defence lovers! In this article, we are going to discuss the major military events that happened today – 20th November. Let’s get ready to deep dig into the archives of forgotten history.

1750: The ‘Tiger of Mysore’ Tipu Sultan Was Born

The ‘Tiger of Mysore’ Tipu Sultan, who bravely fought the British and was known for introducing innovative administrative schemes and military technology, was born on 20th November 1750, in Devanahalli (around 33 km north of present-day Bengaluru).

Though according to some sources Tipu’s Date of birth is 1st December 1951. According to some sources, his date of birth is 20th November 1750[source].

1910: Mexican Revolution

On this very day in 1910, the Mexican Revolution started. The Mexican Revolution was a long and bloody struggle that lasted almost a decade. It was fought among several factions in constantly shifting alliances which ultimately resulted at the end of the 30-year dictatorship in Mexico and the establishment of a constitutional republic.

The Revolution began with a call to arms on 20th November 1910 to overthrow the current ruler and dictator Porfirio Díaz Mori. Díaz was an ambitious president, keen to develop Mexico into an industrial and modernized country. While he worked on implementing a capitalist society building factories, dams, and roads the rural workers and peasants suffered greatly. Díaz reigned using a campaign of bullying, intimidating citizens into supporting him. While civil liberties such as the freedom of the press suffered under his rule, the greatest injustice came in the form of new land laws. Almost 90,000 people lost their lives in the decade-long conflict.

1945: Nuremberg Trials

The Nuremberg trials began on 20th November 1945. These were a series of military tribunals that were conducted by the allied forces after the Second World War under international law and the laws of war. The trials focused on the prosecution of prominent members of the political, military, judicial, and economic leadership of Nazi Germany, who planned, carried out, or otherwise participated in the Holocaust of the Jews and other terrible war crimes. The trials were held in Nuremberg, Germany, and their decisions marked a turning point between classical and contemporary international law. 24 Nazi war criminals were tried in the process.

1962: The Cuban Missile Crisis Ends

On this day US president John F Kennedy lifted the naval blockade of Cuba. The Cuban Missile Crisis was a 1-month long confrontation between the United States and the Soviet Union at the peak of the cold war which escalated into an international crisis when American deployments of missiles in Italy and Turkey were matched by Soviet deployments of similar ballistic missiles in Cuba. Despite the short time frame, the Cuban Missile Crisis remains a defining moment in U.S. national security and nuclear war preparation. The confrontation is often considered the closest the Cold War came to escalating into a full-scale nuclear war.

1971: Battle of Garibpur

The Battle of Garibpur was one of the skirmish battles that was fought before the formal declaration of war with Pakistan. Garibpur was located on the eastern front with Pakistan (now Bangladesh). In a surprise attack, the 14th Punjab regiment along with Mukti Bahini supported by PT 76 amphibious tanks of 45th Cavalry of Indian Army encircled and captured Garibpur, which was located at the important crossroads that was important for both the nations. One who controlled Garibpur could also control the highway to Jessor. The battle resulted in a decisive Indian victory in which 8 Pakistani tanks were destroyed and 3 were captured.

Sheershoo Deb

I am a defense aspirant Preparing to be an officer Earning the prestigious blue uniform is my dream. I am a Defense analyst and enthusiast

One Comment

  1. tipu sultan was not tiger of mysore he was traitor he destroyed so many temple converted hindus to muslims he fought against british for his sons and his kingdom first know the true history and then post it

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